1940

JULY: The 2nd GUARDS RIFLE DIVISION started as the 127th Rifle Division and was mobilised at Rostov-On-Don which was part of the North Caucasus Military District.It consisted of:

395th, 535th and 875th Rifle Regiments.
423rd Artillery Regiment.
168th Anti-Tank battalion.
278th Sapper Battalion.
182nd Reconnaissance Battalion.
455th Anti-Aircraft Battalion.
465th Signal Battalion.
184th Medical Battalion.

Formation was completed at Kharkov in July 1940.


                                                                              1941

JUNE: The Division was still part or the North Caucasus Military District.

JUNE: 22nd: The Division moved westward shortly after being united with the 16th Army out of the Trans-Baikal Military District.

JULY: Reserve of the Supreme High Command (RVGK) with the 16th Army.The Division fought at Yelna, and it was in this action as part of the 24th Combined Arms Army (CAA) that through meritorious service it earned the title “GUARDS”.

SEPTEMBER: Reserve front with the 24th Combined Arms Army (CAA).

SEPTEMBER: 18th: The 127th Rifle Division was awarded the GUARDS title, and re-designated the 2nd GUARDS RIFLE DIVISION. The elements of the Division retained their original designations but with the addition of Guards in the title. (ie; the 395th Rifle Regiment became the 395th Guards Rifle regiment). A new 127th Rifle Division was raised in the Pri-Volga Military District the following year.

SEPTEMBER: The Division fought at Glukov.

OCTOBER: Fought against General Guderians 2nd Panzer Group, though missed the encirclement but suffered huge losses.

OCTOBER: The Division fought at KURSK, and was re-inforced with 3000 men from the Kursk Militia ‘Fighter’ (Volunteer) Battalions and 2000 communist Party Members from Kursk City. The 875th Guards Rifle Regiment was completely reformed from the militia by the end of the month.

DECEMBER: Fought at Kursk with the 13th Combined Arms Arm.


                                                                              1942

JANUARY: 40th Army South Western Front (SWF)

FEBRUARY: H.Q. SWF.

MARCH: 3rd Guards Rifle Corps/H.Q SWF.

APRIL: 3rd Guards Rifle Corps /56th Army/Southern Front.

MAY: 3rd Guards Rifle Corps /56th Army/Southern Front.

JUNE: 3rd Guards Rifle Corps /56th Army/Southern Front.

JULY: 3rd Guards Rifle Corps /56th Army/Southern Front.

AUGUST: 37th Army/North-Caucasian Front.

SEPTEMBER: 37th Army/Northern Group/Trans-Caucasian Front.

OCTOBER: 37th Army/Northern Group/Trans-Caucasian Front.

NOVEMBER: 37th Army/Northern Group/Trans-Caucasian Front.

DECEMBER: 37th Army/Northern Group/Trans-Caucasian Front.


                                                               1943

JANUARY: Fought at Nalchik, in the Caucasus with the 37th CAA.

MARCH: Based at Krasnoarmeyskaya, as the Germans were pushed back from the Caucasus mountain range into the Kuban bridgehead.

APRIL: Elements within the 2nd Guards were re-designated as follows;-

535th Guards Rifle Division became the 6th Guards Rifle regiment

875th Guards Rifle Division became the 15th Guards Rifle regiment

423rd Guards Artillery Regiment became the 21st Guards Artillery Regiment

278th Guards sapper Battalion became the 7th Guards Sapper Battalion

182nd Guards Recon. Battalion became the 2nd Guards reconnaissance

455th Guards Anti-Aircraft Battalion became the 2nd Guards Anti-Aircraft Battalion

465th Guards Signal Battalion became the 2nd Guards Signal Battalion

184th Guards Medical Battalion became the 2nd Guards Medical battalion

168th Guards Anti-Tank Battalion became the 2nd Guards Anti-Tank battailon

SEPT/OCTOBER: Novorossisk with the 56th CAA.

NOVEMBER: Fought in the Kherson Gulf bridgehead, with the 16th Rifle Corps, and distinguished itself on the Taman Peninsular, and was awarded the honorific title:
2nd GUARDS TAMAN RIFLE DIVISION.395th Guards Rifle Division 1st Guards Rifle Regiment.


                                   2nd GUARDS TAMAN RIFLE DIVISION
                                                              1944

APRIL: In the Crimea with the 11th Guards Rifle Corps attached to the Separate Maritime Army.

APRIL: 8th until MAY: Rather than chase the enemy across the Kerch Straits, the 2nd Guards rounded the sea of Azov along its north shore to descend upon the Perechop Isthmus connecting the Crimea to the Ukraine to aid in bottling Hitler’s 17th Army. During this engagement, the 2nd Guards Taman won the ORDER of SUVOROV II CLASS.

MAY: Once again at Sevastopol.

JULY: Moving north with the 2nd Guards Red Banner CAA into the Baltic Area.
OCTOBER: Memel.

DECEMBER: Latvia.


                                                              1945


JANUARY: East Prussia operation. Believed to be part of the 2nd Byelorussian front
commanded by Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky at this time.

MARCH: Kurischer Haff, north of Koenigsberg.

APRIL: KOENIGSBERG. The 2nd GUARDS RIFLE DIVISION Battled against elements of the German elite Panzer Grenadier Regiment ‘Grossdeutschland’ who had retreated from Memel.

                                                      POST WAR YEARS

JULY: Awarded the honorific title 'in the name of the M.I. kalinin'.

JANUARY 1947: Moscow.

1970: Took part in Exercise Dvina, in the Byelorussian Military District as a motoriserd division.

1970's: Permanently based at Alabino, outside Moscow along with the 11th cavalry Division as "court" divisions for the Moscow Parades.

AUGUST: 18 - 21st 1991: Defended the Russian White House during the anti - gorbachev coup.

                                                            
                                                             AWARDS

During 1944 the 2nd GUARDS RIFLE DIVISION was awarded the ORDER of THE RED BANNER.

THE 1st GUARDS RIFLE REGIMENT was warded the title SEVASTOPOL and the decorations ORDER of THE RED BANNER, ORDER of SUVOREV and THE ORDER of ALEXANDER NEVSKI.

The 6th Guards Rifle regiment was awarded the title SEVASTOPOL and the ORDER of THE RED BANNER.

The 15th Guards Rifle Regiment was awarded the title SHAULIAI and THE ORDER OF THE RED BANNER.

The 21st Guards Artillery Regiment was awarded the title SEVASTOPOL and the decoration ORDER of THE KUTUZOV.

Individual decorations to troops of the 2nd Guards Atman, order of The Red banner, Order of The Survivor Rifle Division included 33 soldiers decorated with the title "HERO OF THE SOVIET UNION" and approximately 16,000 other medals and awards.

Commanders of the 127th Rifle Division & 2nd Guards Rifle Division:

 

            
                 Commanders of the 127th Rifle Division & 2nd Guards Rifle Division:

 

Major-General Andrian Zakharovich Akimenko (1898 – 1989)
1941 - 1942 Commanding Officer 127th Rifle Division
1941 - 1942 Commanding Officer 2nd Guards Rifle Division
1942 Commanding Officer III Guards Rifle Corps
1944 Commanding Officer LXXV Rifle Corps
1945 Commanding Officer LXXV Rifle Corps
Colonel-General Porfirii Grigorevich Chanchibadze (1901 – 1950)
1937 - 1941 Commanding Officer 120 Motorized Rifle Regiment
1941 - 1942 Commanding Officer 107th Motorized Rifle Division
1942 Commanding Officer 2nd Guards Rifle Division
1942 Commanding Officer 49th Guards Rifle Division
1942 - 1944 Commanding Officer XIII Guards Rifle Corps
1944 Commanding Officer LXXII Rifle Corps
1944 - 1945 Commanding Officer 2nd Guards Army
1945 At disposal of Moscow Military District
1945 - 1946 At disposal of Main Personnel Directorate
1946 - 1948 Commanding Officer XI Rifle Corps1
1948 - 1950 Commanding Officer XIII Guards Rifle Corps
Major-General Fedor Vasilevich Zakharov (1894 – 1969)
1941 - 1942 Commanding Officer 230th Rifle Division
1942 - 1943 Commanding Officer 2nd Guards Rifle Division
1943 - 1945 Commanding Officer XXII Guards Rifle Corps
Major-General Vasilii Polikarpovich Ivanov (1901 – 1995)
1942 Commanding Officer 196th Rifle Division
1943 Commanding Officer 2nd Guards Rifle Division
1944 - 1945 Commanding Officer 114th Guards Rifle Division
Major-General Grigorii Arkhipovich Krivolapov (1898 – 1982)
1942 - 1943 Commanding Officer 263rd Rifle Division
1943 - 1944 Commanding Officer 2nd Guards Rifle Division
1945 Commanding Officer 110th Guards Rifle Division, Far East 1946 retired.
Major-General Nikita Sergeevich Samokhvalov
1944 - 1945 Commanding Officer 2nd Guards Rifle Division
1945 Commanding Officer 88th Rifle Division, Far East
MaksimovichIosif Antonovich, Major-General
1943 Commanding Officer 225th Guards Rifle Regiment
1944 Commanding Officer 34th Guards Rifle Division
1945 Commanding Officer 2nd Guards Rifle Division

1944 to 1953 General Major A.P. turchinsky.

Extract taken from the Soviet Military Archives on the 2nd Guards Rifle Division

In the many battles for our Soviet motherland against Nazi Germany, a number of divisions showed examples of courage, bravery and origination in the difficult circumstances of these divisions who repeatedly inflicted severe defeat of the German fascist troops in their retreat from the horror of the conflict.

The troops charged forward, not blindly but in pursuit of the enemy, though not before thorough training and reconnaissance of the enemy’s weaknesses to ensure preservation of their own flanks.

They did not wait for the enemy to strike and go on the defensive but prepared themselves for the counterattack.
The troops were facing superior enemy numbers but held firm, matching the Germans in their attack, blow for blow.
The divisions noted for their orderliness, discipline and an example of how Soviet troops conduct themselves in action. Based on the Supreme Commander orders:

(By order of the people’s Commissar of Defense. No. 308 dated September 18, 1941).

100th Rifle Division

1st Guards Rifle Division

127th Rifle Division

2nd Guards Rifle Division

153rd Rifle Division

3rd Guards Rifle Division

161st Rifle Division

4th Guards Rifle Division

 
 
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