JULY: The 2nd GUARDS RIFLE DIVISION started as the 127th Rifle Division and was mobilised at Rostov-On-Don which was part of the North Caucasus Military District.It consisted of:
395th, 535th and 875th Rifle Regiments.
423rd Artillery Regiment.
168th Anti-Tank battalion.
278th Sapper Battalion.
182nd Reconnaissance Battalion.
455th Anti-Aircraft Battalion.
465th Signal Battalion.
184th Medical Battalion.
Formation was completed at Kharkov in July 1940.
JUNE: The Division was still part or the North Caucasus Military District.
JUNE: 22nd: The Division moved westward shortly after being united with the 16th Army out of the Trans-Baikal Military District.
JULY: Reserve of the Supreme High Command (RVGK) with the 16th Army.The Division fought at Yelna, and it was in this action as part of the 24th Combined Arms Army (CAA) that through meritorious service it earned the title “GUARDS”.
SEPTEMBER: Reserve front with the 24th Combined Arms Army (CAA).
SEPTEMBER: 18th: The 127th Rifle Division was awarded the GUARDS title, and re-designated the 2nd GUARDS RIFLE DIVISION. The elements of the Division retained their original designations but with the addition of Guards in the title. (ie; the 395th Rifle Regiment became the 395th Guards Rifle regiment). A new 127th Rifle Division was raised in the Pri-Volga Military District the following year.
SEPTEMBER: The Division fought at Glukov.
OCTOBER: Fought against General Guderians 2nd Panzer Group, though missed the encirclement but suffered huge losses.
OCTOBER: The Division fought at KURSK, and was re-inforced with 3000 men from the Kursk Militia ‘Fighter’ (Volunteer) Battalions and 2000 communist Party Members from Kursk City. The 875th Guards Rifle Regiment was completely reformed from the militia by the end of the month.
DECEMBER: Fought at Kursk with the 13th Combined Arms Arm.
JANUARY: 40th Army South Western Front (SWF)
FEBRUARY: H.Q. SWF.
MARCH: 3rd Guards Rifle Corps/H.Q SWF.
APRIL: 3rd Guards Rifle Corps /56th Army/Southern Front.
MAY: 3rd Guards Rifle Corps /56th Army/Southern Front.
JUNE: 3rd Guards Rifle Corps /56th Army/Southern Front.
JULY: 3rd Guards Rifle Corps /56th Army/Southern Front.
AUGUST: 37th Army/North-Caucasian Front.
SEPTEMBER: 37th Army/Northern Group/Trans-Caucasian Front.
OCTOBER: 37th Army/Northern Group/Trans-Caucasian Front.
NOVEMBER: 37th Army/Northern Group/Trans-Caucasian Front.
DECEMBER: 37th Army/Northern Group/Trans-Caucasian Front.
JANUARY: Fought at Nalchik, in the Caucasus with the 37th CAA.
MARCH: Based at Krasnoarmeyskaya, as the Germans were pushed back from the Caucasus mountain range into the Kuban bridgehead.
APRIL: Elements within the 2nd Guards were re-designated as follows;-
535th Guards Rifle Division became the 6th Guards Rifle regiment
875th Guards Rifle Division became the 15th Guards Rifle regiment
423rd Guards Artillery Regiment became the 21st Guards Artillery Regiment
278th Guards sapper Battalion became the 7th Guards Sapper Battalion
182nd Guards Recon. Battalion became the 2nd Guards reconnaissance
455th Guards Anti-Aircraft Battalion became the 2nd Guards Anti-Aircraft Battalion
465th Guards Signal Battalion became the 2nd Guards Signal Battalion
184th Guards Medical Battalion became the 2nd Guards Medical battalion
168th Guards Anti-Tank Battalion became the 2nd Guards Anti-Tank battailon
SEPT/OCTOBER: Novorossisk with the 56th CAA.
NOVEMBER: Fought in the Kherson Gulf bridgehead,
with the 16th Rifle Corps, and distinguished itself on the Taman Peninsular,
and was awarded the honorific title:
2nd GUARDS TAMAN RIFLE DIVISION.395th Guards Rifle Division 1st Guards Rifle Regiment.
2nd GUARDS TAMAN RIFLE DIVISION
APRIL: In the Crimea with the 11th Guards
Rifle Corps attached to the Separate Maritime Army.
APRIL: 8th until MAY: Rather than chase the enemy across the Kerch Straits, the 2nd Guards rounded the sea of Azov along its north shore to descend upon the Perechop Isthmus connecting the Crimea to the Ukraine to aid in bottling Hitler’s 17th Army. During this engagement, the 2nd Guards Taman won the ORDER of SUVOROV II CLASS.
MAY: Once again at Sevastopol.
JULY: Moving north with the 2nd Guards Red
Banner CAA into the Baltic Area.
JANUARY: East Prussia operation. Believed to be part of the 2nd Byelorussian front
commanded by Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky at this time.
MARCH: Kurischer Haff, north of Koenigsberg.
APRIL: KOENIGSBERG. The 2nd GUARDS RIFLE DIVISION Battled against elements of the German elite Panzer Grenadier Regiment ‘Grossdeutschland’ who had retreated from Memel.
POST WAR YEARS
JULY: Awarded the honorific title 'in the name of the M.I. kalinin'.
JANUARY 1947: Moscow.
1970: Took part in Exercise Dvina, in the Byelorussian Military District as a motoriserd division.
1970's: Permanently based at Alabino, outside Moscow along with the 11th cavalry Division as "court" divisions for the Moscow Parades.
AUGUST: 18 - 21st 1991: Defended the Russian White House during the anti - gorbachev coup.
During 1944 the 2nd GUARDS RIFLE DIVISION was awarded the ORDER of THE RED BANNER.
THE 1st GUARDS RIFLE REGIMENT was warded the title SEVASTOPOL and the decorations ORDER of THE RED BANNER, ORDER of SUVOREV and THE ORDER of ALEXANDER NEVSKI.
The 6th Guards Rifle regiment was awarded the title SEVASTOPOL and the ORDER of THE RED BANNER.
The 15th Guards Rifle Regiment was awarded the title SHAULIAI and THE ORDER OF THE RED BANNER.
The 21st Guards Artillery Regiment was awarded the title SEVASTOPOL and the decoration ORDER of THE KUTUZOV.
Individual decorations to troops of the 2nd Guards Atman, order of The Red banner, Order of The Survivor Rifle Division included 33 soldiers decorated with the title "HERO OF THE SOVIET UNION" and approximately 16,000 other medals and awards.
Commanders of the 127th Rifle Division & 2nd Guards Rifle Division:
Commanders of the 127th Rifle Division & 2nd Guards Rifle Division:
1944 to 1953 General Major A.P. turchinsky.
In the many battles for our Soviet motherland against Nazi Germany, a number of divisions showed examples of courage, bravery and origination in the difficult circumstances of these divisions who repeatedly inflicted severe defeat of the German fascist troops in their retreat from the horror of the conflict.
The troops charged forward, not blindly but in pursuit of the enemy, though not before thorough training and reconnaissance of the enemy’s weaknesses to ensure preservation of their own flanks.
They did not wait for the enemy to strike and go on the defensive
but prepared themselves for the counterattack.
The troops were facing superior enemy numbers but held firm, matching the Germans in their attack, blow for blow.
The divisions noted for their orderliness, discipline and an example of how Soviet troops conduct themselves in action. Based on the Supreme Commander orders:
100th Rifle Division
1st Guards Rifle Division
127th Rifle Division
2nd Guards Rifle Division
153rd Rifle Division
3rd Guards Rifle Division
161st Rifle Division
4th Guards Rifle Division