After the revolution the Zsarist pogoni (shoulder boards) were replaced with a new type of rank insignia that was worn on the collar and known as Pilitsi. The collar patch insignia went through a number of designs changes until the outbreak of war with Germany when the Red Army went to battle on the 22nd June 1941 wearing coloured pilitsi but was soon discovered that German snipers could easly identify NCO's and officers, so all ranks were issued with subdued pilitsi in August 1941.
The coloured pilitsi was usually worn in the rear especially by officers who had three patterns as shown below.

Although the pilitsi insignia was replaced by the Zsarist pattern pogoni in late 1943, many troops were wearing collar piltsi during and after the Battle of Kursk in July 1943 but was phased out from then on as most Red Army units were issued with the new Obr43 uniform and insignia. The pilitsi illistrated are for the gymnaistorka and represent infantry/Rifle arm of service with magenta backing with black piping.

Obr35 Pilitsi - Other Ranks, NCO's & Officers

Krasnoarmeyets

Red Army Man

Yefreytor

Corporal

Mladshiy Serzhant

Junior Sergeant

Serzhant

Sergeant

 

Sharshiy Serzhant

Senior Sergeant

            Starshina

            Sergeant Major

Mladshiy Leytenant

Junior Lieutenant

                 Leytenant

               Lieutenant

     

         Starshiy Leytenant

Senior Lieutenant

Kapitan

Captain

Podpolkovnek

Lieutenant Colonel

                Polkovnek

              Colonel

Magenta collar patches, changed to subdued version in August 1941.
                                          Obr 43 Pogoni - Other Ranks, NCO's & Officers
Krasnoarmeyets

Private

Yefreytor

Corporal

Mladshiy Serzhant

Junior Sergeant

Serzhant

Sergeant

Starshiy Serzhant

Senior Sergeant

Starshina

Sergeant Major

Mladshiy Leytenant

Junior Lieutenant

Leytenant

Lieutenant

Starshiy Leytenant

Senior Lieutenant

Kapitan

Captain

Mayor

Major

Podpolkovnek

Lieutenant Colonel

Polkovnek

Colonel

Every day and Parade Pogoni
Infantry Mayor Walking Out/Parade Pogoni
Infantry Kapitan Field Pogoni
Infantry Kapitan Walking Out/Parade Pogoni
Collar Patches (Pilitsi) for Great Coat (Shinel)
Red Star - Red enameled with brass backing
Subdued pilotka Star
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